The Texas Archive War

The Texas Archive war began in March of 1842 when a division of the Mexican army arrived at San Antonio ad demanded the surrender of the town. At the time, the town was not able to resist and reluctantly gave the town.  On the 10th of March, President of Texas, Sam Houston declared an emergency session in fear of the army moving to Austin.  In his fear, he made plans to make Houston the capital of Texas by creating a small band of soldiers to march to Austin and remove the archives. The citizens of Austin, however, were not about to give up their rightful capital and made plans themselves to resist.

Gov. Sam Houston
President of Texas, Sam Houston

The people were taken off guard by the ensemble sent by the President and were forced to surrender their precious Austin archives. As the soldiers were leaving, Austin heroine: Mrs. Angelina B. Eberly, fired a cannon at them. The ensemble was caught off guards and reluctantly gave up the papers to avoid bloodshed.

https://www.tsl.texas.gov/sites/default/files/public/tslac/treasures/images/republic/archwar/angelina.jpg
Mrs. Angelina B. Eberly Firing a Cannon
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Statue of Austin Heroine

Later, in 1889, President Mirabeau B. Lamar replaced Sam Houston and solidified the choice of maintaining Austin as Texas’s sole capitol.

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President of Texas, Mirabeau B. Lamar

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